1.      Red, White and Blue colors - to inculcate the pride to be a Filipino and love of country.

2.    Rocket - symbol in the signing of the City Charter which coincided with the successful launching of Apollo 11, carrying the first men to the moon.

3.    Seashore - reminds us of our rich marine resources.

4.    Rice Stalks - depicts the bountiful rice harvests in this rich-rice producing region of Northwestern Mindanao.

5.    Coconut trees - the "Tree of Life", and the tree of many uses, the main source of income and livelihood in the countryside.

6.    Eight Rays of the Sun - to remind us of our country's glorious history, when eight provinces of Luzon rose up to revolt against the tyranny and suppression of colonial masters.

7.    Triangle - stands for strength and stability, the symbol of Dipolog City's own stability and maturity.

8.    Stars - representing the 21 barangays of the city.

9.    The rope of cord - stands for the existing unity and goodwill of the people of Dipolog City.



1.       Pascual T. Martinez         -        1913 - 1921

2.       Paciano J. Ortega            -        1922 - Ad Interim
3.       Gaudencio Bendijo          -        1922 - Three months only
4.       Isabelo Z. Echavez          -        1922 - 1925, Ad Interim
5.       Geronimo Gonzales         -        1926 - 1927
6.       Felipe B. Lacaya             -        1928 - Ad Interim
7.       Fermin D. Kagatan          -        1929 - 1930; 1946 - 1955
8.       Gerino Lailay y Zorilla     -        1931 - 1935; 1936 - 1937
9.       Vicente Calibo                -        1938 - 1946
10.     Pastor R. Bajamunde       -        1956 - 1959
11.     Virginio B. Lacaya           -        1960 - 1963
12.     Felicisimo L. Herrera       -        1963 - 1969, Municipal Mayor;   
                                                           January 1970 - May 1978, City Mayor
13.     Roseller L. Barinaga        -        May 1978 - April 1986;
                                                           February 2, 1988 - 1998
14.     Dario B. Lacaya              -        April 21, 1986 - December 2, 1987
15.     Luis B. Paloma                -        December 3, 1987 - January 7, 1988
16.     Pascual B. Bajamunde     -        January 8, 1988 and February 1, 1988
17.     Roberto Y. Uy                -        July 1, 1998 - Present



                   Dipolog's earliest recorded history started in 1834 when a civil government was organized by the Spanish Provincial government of Misamis, under whose jurisdiction we then belonged, with the appointment of a "Captain" as town executive, 'Teniente' and an 'Aguacil' to maintain law and order. Don Domingo Ruiz, a native, was the town executive that year when the townsite transferred from Sitio Tulwanan to where it is now.

                   Tradition says that in that year, a Spanish Recollect Missionary arrived in Tulwanan believing that the townsite was still there. Upon meeting a native, asked: "Donde esta el Capitan?" (Where is the captain?) Our unknown hero, understanding only word 'capitan' pointed to the west and said in Subano "Di. . .pag," meaning 'across the river'. Guided by his 'muchacho', a Tagalog boy named Antonio Subido, the Padre proceeded downriver and upon reaching the townsite named the place "Dipag". Through the years, this was corrupted by mispronounciation and intermingling of Visayan and Subano words into what it is today - - - "Dipolog".

          But many years before that, Christianized and unchristianized Boholanos had already settled and mingled with the Pagan Subanos. For safety's sake against marauding pirates, they established a pueblo in what is now Barangay Sianib of Polanco, some twenty (20) kilometers from the coast of Dipolog. When danger from piracy subsided, they transferred the settlement to Sitio Isab, Nipaan and constructed a church on a hilltop over looking a wide plain and the mouth of the Isab creek.

          The Spanish colonization of Dipolog and Northwestern Mindanao was done with the Cross of Catholicism, and the Missionaries, demanded that the Christianized natives attend mass and church services morning and afternoon. The inconvenience of tramping up and down that hill to appease the priest, compelled the people to move downriver to Tulwanan were they build another Capilla. In 1834, as stated earlier, they transferred to the present site at the mouth of Dipolog River.

          As more and more settlers composed mostly of Boholanos, Cebuanos and pioneers from Negros, came to stay and cultivate the soil, a succession of Capitanes governed the town.

In 1903, while visiting Dapitan, Judge William H. Taft, President of the Second Philippine Commission, decreed that Dapitan District which included Dipolog and the neighboring township must be separates from Cagayan de Oro of Misamis Province and annexed to the Provincia Mora which later became Zamboanga Province.

          Then came the 'reversion'. On March 4, 1904, while Isidro Patangan was Presidente Municipal, an American Officer who was the Provincial Secretary of the Provincia Mora, and in his capacity as a Deputy of the Provincial Governor, came to Dipolog. He called an urgent meeting on all incumbent and ex-town officials and other prominent 'principalia' and delivered a written order that effective immediately, Dipolog was converted into a barrio of Dapitan to be represented by only two councilors with two policemen to maintain peace and order and periodic patrol of the newly-organized Philippine Constabulary.

          This sad state of affairs persisted for eight years, with the people filing protests and petitions that ended nowhere. Then in 1910, a young man from Dipolog was appointed Municipal President of Dapitan. He was only 25 years old, single and his appointment came by pure chance. But Dipolognons at that time say it was providential. An old manuscript tells us this story:

          "One day in the year 1910, Provincial Governor of Zamboanga Province Mr. Helper visited Dipolog and proceeded to Dapitan on horseback, escorted by the town's principalia mostly members of the Centro Catolico de Dipolog up to the mouth of the Dipolog river at Barra District. Upon passing by the residence of Don Jose Aguirre, Governor Helper was invited to come up. There he met Pascual T. Martinez who was ahead of him in the house of Don Jose. An offer of an office as Municipal President of Dapitan was made to Pascual T. Martinez."

          Pascual T. Martinez went downstairs to consult the Centro Catolico Members who were waiting at the bank of the river. He asked them whether or not it would be right for him to accept the offer. The Centro Catolici Members who were mostly older and experienced than him answered: "If you think you can ably discharge the duties of the Office faithfully and well, you may accept it, but do not forget your town, Dipolog. Work for its benefit."

          In 1912, the Governor of the then Department of Mindanao and Sulu, John J. Pershing, granted the petition seeking to reorganize Dipolog into a municipality again under the condition that a municipal building should be constructed within six (6) months, after which, an inauguration would be done.

Two prominent town residents, Isabelo Z. Echavez and Eleuterio Barinaga, before the Centro Catolico de Dipolog in a special session, assumed the responsibility of supplying the materials and the construction of the municipal building according to the approved plan and specifications prescribed by the people for Php 3,000.00 only, provided that free labor would be rendered in erecting the big posts.

          On a full moon on a Holy Saturday (Sabado Santo) in 1913, the customary cornerstone laying ceremonies officiated by the late Gaudencio Bendijo, and while the town brass band played the 'Marcha Real', the first big round molave post was erected right on the spot where the present city hall now stands. So, the construction started and about ninety percent was completed in a little more than three (3) months. The building was patterned after that of the municipal Building of Maribojoc, Bohol, and constructed with the technical advice of an Engineer-Architect Priest, curate of Dipolog, Rev.Fr. Francisco Garcia, S.J.

          It was a fairly spacious edifice. Semi-permanent, with concrete foundation and ground flooring. The posts and structural materials were of first group lumber, with corrugated iron roofing and spanish concrete block walling on the first-story. The ground floor consisted of four big rooms for offices and one jail, aside from a spacious passage and two small storerooms. The second floor, aside from its commodious social hall in the center, consisted of six big rooms for offices.

          This time, petitions for Dipolog's return to townhood were revived and finally heard. General John J. Pershing, Governor of then Department of Mindanao and Sulu, granted the petition to elevate Dipolog into a town again.


Other Historical Events of Dipolog:

·        July 1, 1913 - The municipality of Dipolog was inaugurated.

·        February 15, 1894 - Construction of the Roman Catholic Church at the same site. Dr. Jose P. Rizal designed the structure including the altar.

·        July 1, 1894 - Celebration of the first mass at the newly completed church edifice.

·        1896 - The Parish of Dipolog was established.

·        1897 - Installation of Father Esteban Yepes, the first parish priest of Dipolog.

·        May 3, 1905 - Santa Cruz Marker was erected by the Boholanos, the landmark of Dipolog's Christianity. It is the oldest existing landmark of Dipolog.



                Dipolog is situated in the northwestern part of the Province of Zamboanga del Norte. Bounded on the North by Dapitan City, on the East by the Municipality of Polanco, on the South by the Municipality of Katipunan and on the West by the Sulu Sea. It has a total land area of 13,628 hectares.

                   Dipolog is the capital of the province of Zamboanga del Norte with a population of more than 100,000 inhabitants as of the year 2000. It is the growth center of the province where the commerce and trade as well as main educational facilities are located.


                  Dipolog is composed of 21 barangays including the poblacion which is divided into 5 barangay districts namely; Barangay District No. 1 - Estaka; Barangay District No. 2 - Biasong; Barangay District No. 3 - Barra; Barangay District No. 4 - Central Barangay and Barangay District No. 5 - Miputak. Other barangays are Cogon, Dicayas, Diwan, Galas, Gulayon, Lugdungan, Minaog, Olingan, Punta, Sangkol, San Jose, Sicayab, Sinaman, Sta. Filomena, Sta. Isabel and Turno. All these barangays are accessible by barangay, city and national roads from the poblacion.


                   Dipolog City consists mostly of rolling terrain with lowlands along its western coast facing the Sulu Sea. It has a number of waterways, the main being the Dipolog River, which drains into the Sulu Sea. Other rivers, small creeks and streams also traverse the area; more common of these are the Diwan, Layawan, Katipunan Rivers, Miputak, Gusawan and Olingan Creeks. The city has an elevation of 2.5 meters above sea level.


                   Dipolog City's climate is mild and moderate (fourth type of climate). Where rainfall is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year. The cool and fresh air from the eastern and highlands mixed with the air from the Sulu Sea creates an invigorating atmosphere for sustained good health for its people. Dry season begins from February to April and the wet season starts from January to June, while the hottest month is April. The prevailing wind is northeast. Wind with velocity of 2 degrees and 7% exposure to typhoon. For the past 3 years, 1994-1996 no typhoon hit Dipolog.


                Wide arrays of languages or dialects are spoken in the city but Cebuano (Visayan) remains the predominant dialect spoken by about 97.00% of the population.


                In Dipolog City, 99.33% of the population are Christians. Of the organized Christian religion, Roman Catholic has the highest number of followers, which accounts 92.34%.


                It can be noticed that the inhabitants of Dipolog are mostly migrants from Visayas, particularly from the Provinces of Cebu, Negros Oriental, Bohol, Siquijor, Leyte and Samar. There are few Ilonggos, Tausog and Pampagueños in the cuty. A significant number of Chinese also reside in the city.



          Tourism is a service business which involves people travelling from one place to another. It is called a service industry.

          Tourism covers various aspects in its business. It involves accommodations, foods, entertainment, arts, beauty and culture.

          Tourism is a phenomenon of our leisure society, and every country in the world will in due course be either actively or passively exposed to its effects.

          Tourism has become a major economic activity, and a powerful factor for economic development, with an importance that varies depending on the country's tourist potential and its economic strength in other sectors. However, no matter how high the tourist potential of a country, it does not mean that tourism is necessarily the right answer for that country's economic development and growth.

          The expansion of tourism in a country may result in serious problems at various levels be they economic, financial, cultural, social or ecological. The ensuing concentration of demand in time and space --- with all its concomitant constraints --- entails the need for a rigorous policy for the control of time and space in the face of what is a --- more or less --- peaceful invasion of nomads of our modern era. It cannot be denied that, over the past four decades or so, tourism has done much to bring peoples of different nations together; nevertheless, at the same time and under the pretext of the needs of tourism, there has been widespread destruction of natural, sociological, cultural, values, etc.

          In view of the complexity of the problems that tourism poses --- both nationally and internationally --- there is a need for tourism planning studies to adopt a clear, interdisciplinary and global view of the diverse aspects of tourism.



          The World Tourism Organization (WTO) breaks down the term "visitor" into two categories, namely:

a)                 Tourist: any person visiting a country other than that in which he has his usual place of residence for any reason other than following an occupation remunerated from within the country visited, and remaining at least 24 hours;

b)                Excursionist or Transit Passengers: any person staying in the country less than 24 hours.

The WTO makes considerable efforts to ensure that all countries concerned use this definition, although there is some lack of homogeneity in the statistics prepared in different parts of the world.



          Tourism may be described as the total combination of the relationships and phenomena deriving from people travelling to and staying at places which are neither their usual place of residence nor the usual place of work.

          The various aspects of tourism and their multiple interactions with the environment require that tourism first be placed in its economic, social, ecological, political, and technological context and then break it down into two major subsystems.

a)                 the subject of tourism (the tourist);

b)                the object of tourism (the tourist locations, tourist undertaking and the organization of tourism)

Each component of the system has developed its own view of what tourism consists of.

·       For the tourist, tourism is a complex of different services (transportation, accommodation, entertainment, etc.), that the object of tourism supplies. Tourism is therefore a consumer activity motivated by a need;

·       For the object of tourism (the country, the region, the tourist establishment, etc.) tourism is work, and a source of profit or development;

·       For the economic planners, tourism is, by its nature, an economic activity --- in view of the specific and non-specific goods and services it produces for the tourist to consume. Tourism, being international, also has an impact on the balance of payments and may, moreover, influence development in the regions or countries in which it takes place.

·       From the sociological point of view, tourism is seen as a phenomenon of migration, human relations, social status, cultural values, etc.

·       The political dimension of tourism is encountered in the tourism policy practiced by the State, which may employ a variety of measures to encourage, impede, channel or plan tourism.

·       The ecological environment is often a reason for tourism and determines certain types of tourism demand. As with all facets of tourism, the impact may be positive or negative.

From what has been described above, tourism services can be defined narrowly as services offered primary to leisure travelers or more broadly as the full range of services offered to leisure and business travelers.

A workable definition for this study might cover the following producers of services: hotels, resorts, travel agencies, tour operators, transportation (particularly, air, ship or bus charters and support services offered to tourists at transportation terminals) financial services (particularly, currency exchanges, credit cards and travelers checks) and telecommunication services.



          Tourism has significant effects on various key internal and external aspects of the Philippine economy:

a)                 Tourism accounts for a large part of consumption;

b)                Tourism generates productive activities directly and indirectly;

c)                 Tourism creates jobs;

d)                Tourism is an important factor of infrastructure development;

e)                 It has an effect on the country's international trade by increasing the surplus in the balance of payments travel account.



          The tourist product possesses two distinct components:

a)                 Tourism resources - natural and man-made;

b)                Infra- and superstructure required to exploit tourism resources (hotels, transport facilities, auxiliary equipment, etc.)


Source: All info provided by City Tourism Office



(In line with Mindanao Rehabilitation Program)

1.      Completion of the Eco-Tourism Project at the 3003 Steps, Barangay Lugdungan,  Dipolog City (Estimated Cost: P 15 Million)

Project component includes the following:

  1. Completion of the concrete stairway to the Linabo Peak
  2. Construction of mini park at Linabo Peak
  3. Installation of viewing decks with rest station along the stairway
  4. Construction of rest rooms along the stairway  
  5. Construction of  cottages & campsites
  6. Construction of swimming pool with picnic grooves at the foot of 3003 steps

2.      Establishment of an Eco-Tourism Park at Barangay Diwan, Dipolog City (Estimated Cost: P 30 Million)

Project component includes the following:
a.  Birds aviary                                    h    Water system
 b.  Tree houses                                   i.    Parking areas
c.  Canopy walk                                   j.    Swimming pool
d.  Camp sites                                     k     Electricity
e.  Butterfly Sanctuary                         l.    Perimeter fence
 f.  Mini zoo                                         m.  Orchid & flower garden
 g.   Receiving headquarter w/             n.    Rest Stations canteen 

3.      BALI HAI ISLAND Development at Barangay Barra, Dipolog City
(Estimated cost: P 20 Million) 

      Project component includes the following:
        a. Construction of a forest park
        b. Children’s playground
        c. Boating docking wharf
        d. Flower garden & landscaping
        e Mini zoo
        f. Canteen with information center
        g. Flat bottom boats for hiring

4.      FILIPINO-JAPANESE SOLDIERS  MEMORIAL PARK at Barangay Dicayas, Dipolog City (Estimated cost: P 7 Million)

Project component includes the following:

  1. Acquisition of lot for about 2 hectares
  2. Landscaping development with the statues of war heroes
  3. Electricity
  4. Perimeter fence

5.      DIPOLOG OLD TOWN SITE RESTORATION at Sitio Tulwanan, Lugdungan, Dipolog City (Estimated cost: P 10 Million)

Project component includes the following:           

  1. Restoration of the Subanen Village
  2. Construction of a museum
  3. Site development
  4. Restoration of the old town site
  5. Restoration of the old docking area of the Spaniards
  6. Acquisition of lot for about 3 hectares